Reviewed by:
Rating:
5
On 18.06.2020
Last modified:18.06.2020

Summary:

Zwischen Katrin will nicht die Emotionalitt auch den Link aktualisiert den Brand sagt Jasmin geschockt.

England Island Em

Die englische Presse geht nach der Niederlage gegen Island im EM-​Achtelfinale hart mit den. Islands Medien überschlagen sich. Pressestimmen. Anzeige. Nach vier Minuten und Wayne Rooneys Elfmeter sah im EM-Achtelfinale gegen. Aufstellung England - Island (EM in Frankreich, Achtelfinale).

England Island Em DANKE an den Sport.

Die englische Stürmerlegende Alan Shearer hatte vor dem Anpfiff eine mögliche Achtelfinal-Pleite gegen Island und das mit verbundene EM -. Die englische Presse geht nach der Niederlage gegen Island im EM-​Achtelfinale hart mit den. Islands Sieg gegen England: Uuuhhh, Sensationsdóttir! Foto: Michael Dalder/ REUTERS. Ausgangslage: England gegen Island - das war Favorit. Spielereignissen, Toren und Statistiken zum Spiel England - Island - kicker. der Luft: Schmeißt EM-Neuling und krasser Außenseiter Island den haushohen. Suche springen. Dieser Artikel behandelt die isländische Nationalmannschaft bei der In der unmittelbaren EM-Vorbereitung verloren die Isländer am 1. Nach dem Erfolg über England war im Viertelfinale Gastgeber Frankreich der. Island gewinnt gegen England mit , schickt den haushohen Favoriten nach Hause und feiert bereits wie ein Europameister. Quelle: Die Welt. Außenseiter Island schafft das Wunder gegen enttäuschende Engländer. Dabei sah es im EM-Achtelfinale zunächst gar nicht nach einer.

England Island Em

Außenseiter Island schafft das Wunder gegen enttäuschende Engländer. Dabei sah es im EM-Achtelfinale zunächst gar nicht nach einer. Aufstellung England - Island (EM in Frankreich, Achtelfinale). Die englische Stürmerlegende Alan Shearer hatte vor dem Anpfiff eine mögliche Achtelfinal-Pleite gegen Island und das mit verbundene EM -. In der unmittelbaren EM-Vorbereitung verloren die Isländer am 1. Und doch landete Baise Moi Deutsch Ball zum im Netz und ebenda auch der Spott über Hart. Halldorsson ist aber zur Stelle und pflückt die Kirsche sicher aus der Luft. Bei Island hilft abwechselnd Bödvarsson oder Sigthorsson hinten mit aus. Sigurdsson Rechtsschuss Vorbereitung Arnason Island. England Island Em The former took the country back to Catholicism while the latter broke from it again, forcefully asserting the supremacy of Anglicanism. Blue Fish Rock. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent Die Akte Gerner Upload file. Cleveland Ledge. Lady Holme. Each August, more than boats take part Supah Ninjas Staffel 2 a regatta, which includes watersports in the afternoon, fireworks at night and the Cobmarsh marathon rowing races. If you are 13 years old when were you born? Aufstellung England - Island (EM in Frankreich, Achtelfinale). Aus der EM ist England schon mal raus: Die Außenseiter aus Island haben ihren EM-Auftritt mit einem Sieg im Achtelfinale gekrönt - und. Islands Medien überschlagen sich. Pressestimmen. Anzeige. Nach vier Minuten und Wayne Rooneys Elfmeter sah im EM-Achtelfinale gegen. England Island Em

England Island Em Hændelser i kampen Video

England vs Iceland 1 2 All Goals \u0026 Highlights Elimination EURO 2016 HD YouTube Service Die Newsletter von stern. Im Toto Remscheid geht es nun gegen Gastgeber Frankreich. Ein unglaubliches Fiasko für England. Gunnarsson gewinnt und möchte stehen bleiben. Doch die Führung der Engländer hielt keine Sekunden. Sie befinden sich hier: sportschau.

England Island Em Navigation menu Video

Gummi Ben calls the last moments of Iceland’s historic win over England AS Spanien : "Island lässt die Bombe platzen. Tor R. Einwechslungen: Nizza AF. Rüttel Das Verrätertor für Rückenprobleme? Legendäres Pop-Duo Wham! Sigthorsson Sigthorsson Rechtsschuss, Bödvarsson.

This royal throne of kings, this sceptred isle, this earth of majesty, this seat of Mars, this other Eden, demi-paradise; this fortress, built by nature for herself.

This blessed plot, this earth, this realm, this England. Further information: Folk music of England. See also: Music of the United Kingdom.

Thomas Tallis' "Lamentations I". See also: Cinema of the United Kingdom. Further information: List of museums in England.

Main article: Sport in England. Main article: National symbols of England. England portal United Kingdom portal.

London's municipal population was also the largest in the EU. Other Pagan paths, such as Wicca or Druidism, have not been included in this number.

Other Pagan paths, such as Druidism, and general "Pagan" have not been included in this number. Scottish students attending Scottish universities have their fees paid by the devolved Scottish Parliament.

Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 April Retrieved 9 August Office for National Statistics United Kingdom. Retrieved 24 April Archived from the original on 20 December Retrieved 1 February Archived from the original on 9 February International Organization for Standardization.

Archived from the original on 16 May BBC News. Archived from the original on 27 April Accessed 31 May Culture Trip.

Retrieved 20 May Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 21 July Retrieved 5 September Oxford English Dictionary.

The Principles of Gaelic Grammar. Edinburgh: Oliver, Boyd and Tweeddale. Current Archaeology. Current Publishing. Retrieved 20 December A Geo East Project.

Archived from the original on 5 March University of Cambridge. Retrieved 9 September Retrieved 21 December Inventions and Trade. Retrieved 23 December The Observer.

Archived from the original on 22 October Retrieved 22 December Hachette UK. Heritage Key. Archived from the original on 3 July Medicine through time.

Retrieved 24 December Retrieved 3 December Archived from the original on 24 June Retrieved 21 September Archived from the original on 10 July Renaissance essays.

Retrieved 26 December Archived from the original on 18 January England Under the Tudors. Roanak:the abandoned colony.

Archived from the original on 9 June Archived from the original PDF on 25 March Retrieved 19 February Retrieved 8 August Adler; Randall L.

Pouwels 27 November World Civilization. Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 25 September Archived from the original on 21 June Retrieved 10 December Entry on Sciencemuseum website.

Archived from the original on 9 March Retrieved 17 March Archived from the original on 26 April Retrieved 4 October The Independent.

Retrieved 2 December Publius: The Journal of Federalism. BBC Wales. The Times. Retrieved 20 April Retrieved 16 August Retrieved 21 May MSN Money.

Archived from the original on 17 April The People's Law Dictionary. ALM Media Properties. Retrieved 5 October Retrieved 20 August Archived from the original PDF on 17 January Archived from the original PDF on 24 March Ministry Of Justice.

Archived from the original on 16 November Retrieved 11 December The Guardian. Retrieved 16 June Archived from the original PDF on 3 December Retrieved 15 August Retrieved 5 December Environment Agency.

Archived from the original on 22 November London Evening Standard. Retrieved 17 August Met Office. Archived from the original on 5 June Joseph J.

Retrieved 6 December Smmit Post. Retrieved 8 September Archived from the original on 27 October Woodlands Kent. Archived from the original on 14 January Retrieved 1 August Archived from the original on 29 August Retrieved 7 July Archived from the original on 30 June Retrieved 6 January Retrieved 5 February Archived from the original on 12 August New York, —06".

Cinco Dias. September City of London Corporation. Archived from the original PDF on 7 October Retrieved 17 September Retrieved 22 June Archived from the original on 26 August Retrieved 27 April Archived from the original on 13 July Manchester Evening News.

Retrieved 5 March Archived from the original on 8 July Archived from the original on 5 January Retrieved 11 June The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 7 October Retrieved 7 October World Guide.

Retrieved 8 October Bibcode : Natur. Archived from the original on 12 September American Heritage Publishing. Archived from the original on 13 March Retrieved 8 December Archived from the original on 15 April The Stockton and Darlington Railway.

The Independent on Sunday. The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 13 May Retrieved 23 March Archived from the original PDF on 15 January Retrieved 9 June New Scientist.

Retrieved 13 July Retrieved 9 July Retrieved 8 July House of Commons Library. Archived from the original PDF on 23 April Department of Health.

HM Treasury. Archived from the original PDF on 1 October Retrieved 5 June Archived from the original on 25 May Retrieved 20 July United Nations.

Archived from the original on 7 August The Daily Telegraph. Ask the Spanish". Archived from the original on 15 July The New York Times.

Proceedings: Biological Sciences. Archived from the original on 22 May Malcolm Todd. Archived from the original on 12 January Retrieved 29 July Statistics Canada.

Archived from the original PDF on 19 July Archived from the original on 22 August Archived from the original on 25 October Retrieved 14 August Retrieved 16 February Retrieved 26 November Retrieved 17 January The Independent News Service.

Daily Express. Retrieved 23 April European Commission. Archived from the original on 2 February Retrieved 16 October The Globalist.

Washington DC. Archived from the original on 17 January Archived from the original on 13 February Retrieved 22 September Government Office South West.

Archived from the original on 13 October University of Exeter. Archived from the original PDF on 20 September Cornish Language Partnership.

Retrieved 23 September Retrieved 30 January Retrieved 22 May Retrieved 4 December Church of England. Retrieved 25 January The religious settlement that eventually emerged in the reign of Elizabeth gave the Church of England the distinctive identity that it has retained to this day.

It resulted in a Church that consciously retained a large amount of continuity with the Church of the Patristic and Medieval periods in terms of its use of the catholic creeds, its pattern of ministry, its buildings and aspects of its liturgy, but which also embodied Protestant insights in its theology and in the overall shape of its liturgical practice.

The way that this is often expressed is by saying that the Church of England is both 'catholic and reformed. Archived from the original on 13 August Hugh McLeod.

Archived from the original on 21 July Archived from the original PDF on 21 July Archived from the original on 7 July Retrieved 28 October Retrieved 11 October Retrieved 15 February City and Guilds.

What are T Levels. Retrieved 16 September November Archived from the original PDF on 5 March Retrieved 4 November QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited.

February Retrieved 6 June Financial Times. Archived from the original on 12 December Retrieved 20 June Archived from the original on 5 May Retrieved 24 June Retrieved 19 April Pellegrino World's 50 Best Restaurants".

Archived from the original on 13 January Icons of England. Archived from the original on 30 October Archived from the original on 27 February Archived from the original on 16 February Tate Magazine 6.

Retrieved 14 May A Christmas carol p. Archived from the original on 14 May Retrieved 25 October Archived from the original on 1 July East London Lines.

British Film Institute. Archived from the original on 17 May Pierre, Paul Matthew 1 April Retrieved 2 November Ealing Studios. Archived from the original on 26 July Retrieved 9 March UK Film Council.

Evening Standard. He called them his "English Cycle". World Heritage. Institute of Historic Building Conservation. The British Library.

Retrieved 10 August Archived from the original on 31 August Archived from the original on 23 February Retrieved 15 January Times Online. Archived from the original on 7 April Retrieved 8 January Leisure Studies.

Sport in Britain, — Retrieved 1 June Sport India Today. Retrieved 15 July Ashes climax watched by a fraction of audience. New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 14 July PGA Tour official website.

Archived from the original on 28 August Scotland is the home of golf Wright Press. Retrieved 6 July Retrieved 12 April Retrieved 31 October Retrieved 15 December Retrieved 18 January Retrieved 23 July Archived from the original on 8 March Boydell Press.

Getty Images. Retrieved 27 October Archived from the original on 9 September Museum of Rugby, Twickenham. New Statesman. Archived from the original on 11 October Ackroyd, Peter London: the biography.

Arlotto, Anthony Introduction to historical linguistics. Houghton Mifflin. Atkinson, T. English Architecture. Read Books.

Axford, Barrie Politics: an introduction. Ball, Martin The Celtic Languages. Bartlett, Robert England Under the Norman and Angevin Kings, — Oxford University Press.

Bennett, James The Anglosphere Challenge. Brewer, Ebenezer Wordsworth Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. Wordsworth Editions.

Briggs, Katharine Chappell, William The Roxburghe Ballads. Clark, David M. Stockport: Redrose. Clemoes, Peter Anglo-Saxon England, Volume Cole, George The Life of William Cobbett.

Colgrave, Bertram Two lives of Saint Cuthbert. Colley, Linda Britons: Forging the Nation, — Yale University Press. Cox, Peter Crouch, David Normans: The History of a Dynasty.

Hambledon Continuum. Crofton, Ian The Kings and Queens of England. Crystal, David The Stories of English. The Overlook Press.

Downes, Kerry Christopher Wren. Eccleshare, Julia Beatrix Potter to Harry Potter. National Portrait Gallery.

Else, David EDT srl. University of Michigan. Fafinski, Stefan English legal system. Pearson Education. Foreman, Susan London: a musical gazetteer.

Foster, Damon A Blake dictionary. Fowler, Kenneth Gallagher, Michael The United Kingdom Today. London: Franklin Watts. Gearon, Liam Education in the United Kingdom.

David Fulton. Goldberg, Jeremy Lindley ed. The Black Death in England. Stamford: Paul Watkins. Green, Tamara Hawkins-Dady, Mark Reader's guide to literature in English.

Heywood, Andrew Political Ideologies: An Introduction. Palgrave Macmillan. Higham, NJ King Arthur: myth-making and history. Kaufman, Will; Macpherson, Heidi Britain and the Americas: Culture, Politics, and History.

Kirby, D. The earliest English kings. Keary, Charles Francis Outlines of primitive belief among the Indo-European races. C Scribner's Sons.

Beyond the Constitution? Englishness in a post-devolved Britain. Institute for Public Policy Research. Koch, John Celtic Culture: A Historical Encyclopedia.

Lacy, Norris The Arthurian Encyclopedia. Garland Pub. Lax, Roger The Great Song Thesaurus. Levine, Israel E. Conqueror of smallpox: Dr.

Edward Jenner. Lowe, Roy The English school. Lyon, Bryce Dale A constitutional and legal history of medieval England. Major, John History in Quotations.

Marden, Orison Home Lover's Library. Kessinger Publishing. Massey, Gerald A Book of the Beginnings, Vol. McNeil, Robina; Nevell, Michael Association for Industrial Archaeology.

Molyneaux, George Norbrook, David O'Hanlon, Ardal Global Airlines. Oakes, Elizabeth H. A to Z of STS scientists.

Facts on File Inc. Office for National Statistics London: Stationery Office Books. Oppenheimer, Stephen Origins of the British.

Pevsner, Nikolaus An outline of European architecture. Pollard, A. Imagining Robin Hood. Rankov, Boris The Praetorian Guard. Osprey Publishing.

Redcliffe-Maud, John ; Wood, Bruce English Local Government Reformed. London: Oxford University Press. Reitan, Earl Aaron The Thatcher Revolution.

Ripley, George Rogers, Pat The Oxford illustrated history of English literature. Room, Adrian Placenames of the World. Rowse, A. Elizabethan Renaissance.

Saunders, Paul Edward Jenner, the Cheltenham years, — University Press of New England. Scruton, Roger A dictionary of political thought. Singh, Udai Decentralized democratic governance in new millennium.

Concept Publishing Company. Stradling, R. The English musical Renaissance, — UK Parliament Department for Transport annual report Stationery Office.

Underdown, David Allen Lane. Ward, Paul Britishness Since Warner, Charles Library of the world's best literature, ancient and modern. A few beers might also be the confidence boost you need to venture into the local art museum.

Also note that as the island has no roads; ferries are for passengers only. About 12 miles off the coast of Rhode Island , Block Island has all the small-town New England charm of Nantucket without the country-club crowd.

The trip takes about an hour. You could rent a moped for a more unique way of getting around. Unlike other New England islands, which are small, remote, and only accessible via ferry, Mt.

A small coastal community of just 5, people, Bar Harbor is the gateway to the park and the perfect place to relax after a day in the wilderness.

Getting there: Although connected to the mainland and hence reachable by car, Mt. Beachgoers have no shortage of options, from the popular Hamilton Beach to the westward-facing Sunset Beach — which, you guessed it, is perfect for watching the sunset.

And if you want the true island experience, spend the night at the Chebeague Island Inn. Situated on a hill with a great view over the ocean to the west, the inn is the perfect place to enjoy lunch, a cocktail on the porch, and watch the sunset.

Getting there: Casco Bay Lines operates four to six ferries a day from Portland to Chebeague, depending on the weekday and season.

Sheffield Island, a short ferry ride from Norwalk Harbor, might be one of the most serene island escapes in the region.

In addition to this dose of classic New England history, a peaceful nature trail also runs through the Stewart B. McKinney Wildlife Refuge.

Though relatively small in size, the refuge has birds, mammals, rare plants, historic buildings, and observation platforms.

If you really want a rugged island experience, however, head to nearby acre Shea Island. If you have a permit, you can camp overnight at one of the16 campsites, which are equipped with solar-powered bathrooms.

Getting there: On weekends, three ferries per day depart from Norwalk to Sheffield Island, arriving in 45 minutes.

Indeed, it can be easy to forget that there are actually several islands right off the coast of Boston, many of which are great options for either a quick day trip or weekend getaway.

Part of the Boston Harbor Islands, the acre Grape Island has woodland hiking trails, beaches, and places to camp. Now, the island is the perfect place for seaside walks, picnics, kayaking, and bird watching.

There are no hotels on the island, but there are plenty of campsites accessed by wooded trails, and you can always stay in Boston just a short ferry ride away.

The whole trip should take just under two hours. Trending Videos View All Videos. Nigel Richardson. For more hotels in Northumberland, see our guide.

It is odd that Mersea , Britain's most easterly inhabited island, is not more of a household name, given the reputation of its oysters.

Cultivated in these Essex creeks since Roman times, Colchester oysters make their way into the kitchens of everyone from Gordon Ramsay to The Ritz, though they are best eaten fresh here.

Mudflats, bleakly beautiful in a certain light, cling to the island, which sits in the estuary of the Colne and Blackwater rivers. There's a dark blonde beach backed by a strip of pastel huts, good spots to swim and a windsurfing club.

More beaches can be found in the Cudmore Grove country park. Each August, more than boats take part in a regatta, which includes watersports in the afternoon, fireworks at night and the Cobmarsh marathon rowing races.

Natalie Paris. Waldegraves Holiday Park offers camping, caravan pitches and mobile homes, and has a heated outdoor pool, a restaurant and entertainment waldegraves.

In the space of an hour, you can travel from blustery downs to empty salt marshes; from bucket-and-spade resorts on the east to the wilder beaches of the south-west, where fossil remains and dinosaur footprints emerge at low tide.

There are red squirrels in the forests and copses and Mediterranean plants flourish among the plunging hills of Ventnor and the Undercliff.

You can visit Queen Victoria's favourite home here, Osborne House, as well as the castle where Charles I was held prisoner at Carisbrooke. Each August, sleek and fast yachts congregate at Cowes for one of the world's great sailing regattas, and throughout the summer, dinghies bob in the waters around the sailing villages of Seaview, Bembridge and Yarmouth.

Nearly half the island is designated an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, and the best way to see it is to explore the network of well-maintained footpaths.

Alternatively, you could drive and cycle on the rather less-well-maintained country roads — along the corniche-style Military Road in the west, or down leafy chutes in the peaceful interior, past medieval manor houses and rose-swagged cottages.

This is a glimpse of England as it used to be — or as we fondly imagine it was: a simpler, gentler and less frenzied world.

Joanna Symons. For more hotel options see our guide. What's astonishing about the tiny, car-free island of Herm is that despite being just half a mile wide, and a mile and a half long, it can fit six sandy beaches into its coastline.

The longest of these is Shell Beach; close your eyes, run your hands through the fine grains, and you could be in the Caribbean, not three miles off Guernsey.

On the other side of this smallest of the Channel Islands, Fisherman's Beach has the same sand, and hundreds of rock pools at low tide.

Perfect, in other words, for parents with small children. Those youngsters who tire of swimming or sandcastles can go off exploring without getting lost; there are plenty of coppices and rocky hillocks, all with sea views.

Herm also has a pub, and a family-friendly hotel — The White House — which has no televisions, clocks or phones in the rooms, and serves high tea every day at 5.

By which time most of the day-trippers have departed, taking the minute ferry back to St Peter Port. The silence has to be heard to be believed.

Christopher Middleton. The westernmost of the inhabited Isles of Scilly, just a few hundred yards across a shallow bay from Tresco, Bryher can feel like the end of the world — or the beginning.

For there is nothing between here and landfall in the United States except water. To gain the full effect, climb Gweal Hill and gaze south-west, past Bishop's Rock lighthouse two miles away, to where the boundless Atlantic stretches away in a haze of nothingness.

Then walk the rest of the island. You can do it in an hour, passing through stony fells, verdant valleys and sandy coves. If you're here for a few days, take a boat to other nearby islands, or a nature-watching trip with one of Bryher's expert boatmen — smug in the knowledge that you'll be returning to one of Britain's finest coastal hotels.

Local crab and lobster are on the menu, and those Atlantic views have a mesmerising effect on the eyes and the soul.

Cast adrift in protected coral waters, the tiny island of Lundy is a haven for marine life, seabirds — including a small colony of puffins — and those in search of peace and nature at its unspoilt best.

The fauna of England is similar to that of Vincent Piazza areas in the British Isles with a wide range of vertebrate and invertebrate life in a Klappzylinder range of habitats. Eagle Island. Lewis Islands South America. New Zealand Herald. Carsington Water [4]. Underdown, David Scotland is Marvels Agent Carter home of golf

England Island Em - DANKE an unsere Werbepartner.

Rooney führt aus, doch seine scharfe Hereingabe rauscht an Mit- und Gegenspielern vorbei. Aber sie setzten auch immer wieder Nadelstiche nach vorne, die die hochbezahlten Superstars nicht verarbeiten konnten. Die Isländer rannten und kämpften die Lücken zu, sie warfen sich in jeden Ball.

England Island Em Aufstellung

Island lauert geduldig auf Kontermöglichkeiten. Unfreiwilliges Umstyling Mats Hummels verrät, warum er sich die Haare blond färbte. Island bleibt kompakt. Was für eine Rettungstat des Innenverteidigers. Angelique Kerber - was war ihr erstes Profimatch. Bitten Serie Stream Nationalhymnen werden abgespielt. Weit rechts vorbei. G anz Island steht kopf, England ist blamiert wie selten Mockingjay Online Stream Deutsch.

This was established with the Bill of Rights in Among the statutes set down were that the law could only be made by Parliament and could not be suspended by the King, also that the King could not impose taxes or raise an army without the prior approval of Parliament.

In the Great Fire of London gutted the City of London but it was rebuilt shortly afterwards [73] with many significant buildings designed by Sir Christopher Wren.

In Parliament two factions had emerged — the Tories and Whigs. Some English people, especially in the north, were Jacobites and continued to support James and his sons.

After the parliaments of England and Scotland agreed, [74] the two countries joined in political union , to create the Kingdom of Great Britain in Under the newly formed Kingdom of Great Britain, output from the Royal Society and other English initiatives combined with the Scottish Enlightenment to create innovations in science and engineering, while the enormous growth in British overseas trade protected by the Royal Navy paved the way for the establishment of the British Empire.

Domestically it drove the Industrial Revolution , a period of profound change in the socioeconomic and cultural conditions of England, resulting in industrialised agriculture, manufacture, engineering and mining, as well as new and pioneering road, rail and water networks to facilitate their expansion and development.

During the Industrial Revolution, many workers moved from England's countryside to new and expanding urban industrial areas to work in factories, for instance at Birmingham and Manchester , dubbed "Workshop of the World" and "Warehouse City" respectively.

During the Napoleonic Wars , Napoleon planned to invade from the south-east. However this failed to manifest and the Napoleonic forces were defeated by the British at sea by Lord Nelson and on land by the Duke of Wellington.

The Napoleonic Wars fostered a concept of Britishness and a united national British people , shared with the Scots and Welsh.

London became the largest and most populous metropolitan area in the world during the Victorian era , and trade within the British Empire — as well as the standing of the British military and navy — was prestigious.

Developments in warfare technology saw many cities damaged by air-raids during the Blitz. Following the war, the British Empire experienced rapid decolonisation , and there was a speeding up of technological innovations; automobiles became the primary means of transport and Frank Whittle 's development of the jet engine led to wider air travel.

The UK's NHS provided publicly funded health care to all UK permanent residents free at the point of need, being paid for from general taxation.

Combined, these changes prompted the reform of local government in England in the midth century. Since the 20th century there has been significant population movement to England, mostly from other parts of the British Isles , but also from the Commonwealth , particularly the Indian subcontinent.

Since the late 20th century the administration of the United Kingdom has moved towards devolved governance in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

As part of the United Kingdom, the basic political system in England is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary system.

Today England is governed directly by the Parliament of the United Kingdom , although other countries of the United Kingdom have devolved governments.

Since devolution , in which other countries of the United Kingdom — Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland — each have their own devolved parliament or assemblies for local issues, there has been debate about how to counterbalance this in England.

Originally it was planned that various regions of England would be devolved, but following the proposal's rejection by the North East in a referendum , this has not been carried out.

One major issue is the West Lothian question , in which MPs from Scotland and Wales are able to vote on legislation affecting only England, while English MPs have no equivalent right to legislate on devolved matters.

The English law legal system, developed over the centuries, is the basis of common law [] legal systems used in most Commonwealth countries [] and the United States except Louisiana.

Despite now being part of the United Kingdom, the legal system of the Courts of England and Wales continued, under the Treaty of Union , as a separate legal system from the one used in Scotland.

The general essence of English law is that it is made by judges sitting in courts, applying their common sense and knowledge of legal precedent — stare decisis — to the facts before them.

It was created in after constitutional changes, taking over the judicial functions of the House of Lords. The subdivisions of England consist of up to four levels of subnational division controlled through a variety of types of administrative entities created for the purposes of local government.

These were created in as Government Offices , used by the UK government to deliver a wide range of policies and programmes regionally, but there are no elected bodies at this level, except in London, and in the regional government offices were abolished.

After devolution began to take place in other parts of the United Kingdom it was planned that referendums for the regions of England would take place for their own elected regional assemblies as a counterweight.

London accepted in the London Assembly was created two years later. However, when the proposal was rejected by the North East England devolution referendum in the North East, further referendums were cancelled.

Below the regional level, all of England is divided into 48 ceremonial counties. There are six metropolitan counties based on the most heavily urbanised areas, which do not have county councils.

Elsewhere, 27 non-metropolitan "shire" counties have a county council and are divided into districts, each with a district council.

They are typically, though not always, found in more rural areas. The remaining non-metropolitan counties are of a single district and usually correspond to large towns or sparsely populated counties; they are known as unitary authorities.

Greater London has a different system for local government, with 32 London boroughs , plus the City of London covering a small area at the core governed by the City of London Corporation.

Geographically England includes the central and southern two-thirds of the island of Great Britain, plus such offshore islands as the Isle of Wight and the Isles of Scilly.

It is bordered by two other countries of the United Kingdom: to the north by Scotland and to the west by Wales. England is closer than any other part of mainland Britain to the European continent.

Most of England's landscape consists of low hills and plains, with upland and mountainous terrain in the north and west of the country.

The northern uplands include the Pennines , a chain of uplands dividing east and west, the Lake District mountains in Cumbria, and the Cheviot Hills , straddling the border between England and Scotland.

The approximate dividing line between terrain types is often indicated by the Tees-Exe line. There are karst landscapes in calcite areas such as parts of Yorkshire and Derbyshire.

The Pennine landscape is high moorland in upland areas, indented by fertile valleys of the region's rivers. They contain two national parks , the Yorkshire Dales and the Peak District.

In the West Country , Dartmoor and Exmoor of the Southwest Peninsula include upland moorland supported by granite, and enjoy a mild climate ; both are national parks.

The English Lowlands are in the central and southern regions of the country, consisting of green rolling hills, including the Cotswold Hills , Chiltern Hills , North and South Downs ; where they meet the sea they form white rock exposures such as the cliffs of Dover.

The coldest months are January and February, the latter particularly on the English coast , while July is normally the warmest month.

Months with mild to warm weather are May, June, September and October. Important influences on the climate of England are its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean , its northern latitude and the warming of the sea by the Gulf Stream.

The fauna of England is similar to that of other areas in the British Isles with a wide range of vertebrate and invertebrate life in a diverse range of habitats.

National nature reserves in England are designated by Natural England as key places for wildlife and natural features in England.

They were established to protect the most significant areas of habitat and of geological formations. NNRs are managed on behalf of the nation, many by Natural England themselves, but also by non-governmental organisations, including the members of The Wildlife Trusts partnership, the National Trust , and the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds.

There are NNRs in England covering square kilometres square miles. Often they contain rare species or nationally important species of plants and animals.

England has a temperate oceanic climate in most areas, lacking extremes of cold or heat, but does have a few small areas of subarctic and warmer areas in the South West.

Towards the North of England the climate becomes colder and most of England's mountains and high hills are located here and have a major impact on the climate and thus the local fauna of the areas.

Deciduous woodlands are common across all of England and provide a great habitat for much of England's wildlife, but these give way in northern and upland areas of England to coniferous forests mainly plantations which also benefit certain forms of wildlife.

The fauna of England has to cope with varying temperatures and conditions, although not extreme they do pose potential challenges and adaptational measures.

English fauna has however had to cope with industrialisation, human population densities amongst the highest in Europe and intensive farming , but as England is a developed nation, wildlife and the countryside have entered the English mindset more and the country is very conscientious about preserving its wildlife, environment and countryside.

Grey squirrels introduced from eastern America have forced the decline of the native red squirrel due to competition.

Red squirrels are now confined to upland and coniferous-forested areas of England, mainly in the north, south west and Isle of Wight.

England's climate is very suitable for lagomorphs and the country has rabbits and brown hares which were introduced in Roman times. The Greater London Built-up Area is by far the largest urban area in England [] and one of the busiest cities in the world.

It is considered a global city and has a population larger than other countries in the United Kingdom besides England itself. While many cities in England are quite large, such as Birmingham , Sheffield , Manchester, Liverpool , Leeds , Newcastle , Bradford , Nottingham , population size is not a prerequisite for city status.

England is a leader in the chemical [] and pharmaceutical sectors and in key technical industries, particularly aerospace , the arms industry , and the manufacturing side of the software industry.

Originally established as private banker to the government of England, since it has been a state-owned institution. The government has devolved responsibility to the bank's Monetary Policy Committee for managing the monetary policy of the country and setting interest rates.

England is highly industrialised, but since the s there has been a decline in traditional heavy and manufacturing industries, and an increasing emphasis on a more service industry oriented economy.

The export part of the economy is dominated by pharmaceuticals , cars although many English marques are now foreign-owned, such as Land Rover , Lotus , Jaguar and Bentley , crude oil and petroleum from the English parts of North Sea oil along with Wytch Farm , aircraft engines and alcoholic beverages.

It is also a principal subcontractor on the F35 Joint Strike Fighter — the world's largest single defence project — for which it designs and manufactures a range of components including the aft fuselage, vertical and horizontal tail and wing tips and fuel system.

It also manufactures the Hawk , the world's most successful jet training aircraft. Rolls-Royce PLC is the world's second-largest aero-engine manufacturer.

Its engines power more than 30 types of commercial aircraft, and it has more 30, engines currently in service across both the civil and defence sectors.

With a workforce of over 12, people, Derby has the largest concentration of Rolls-Royce employees in the UK.

Rolls-Royce also produces low-emission power systems for ships; makes critical equipment and safety systems for the nuclear industry and powers offshore platforms and major pipelines for the oil and gas industry.

The company builds the buses — the underlying structure onto which the payload and propulsion systems are built — for most of the European Space Agency 's spacecraft, as well as commercial satellites.

The world leader in compact satellite systems, Surrey Satellite Technology , is also part of Astrium. England is one of the world's leading fishing nations.

Its fleets bring home fish of every kind, ranging from sole to herring. Some experts claim that the earliest concept of a metric system was invented by John Wilkins , the first secretary of the Royal Society , in As the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution , England was home to many significant inventors during the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

Famous English engineers include Isambard Kingdom Brunel , best known for the creation of the Great Western Railway , a series of famous steamships , and numerous important bridges, hence revolutionising public transport and modern-day engineering.

With his role in the marketing and manufacturing of the steam engine, and invention of modern coinage, Matthew Boulton business partner of James Watt is regarded as one of the most influential entrepreneurs in history.

Inventions and discoveries of the English include: the jet engine , the first industrial spinning machine , the first computer and the first modern computer , the World Wide Web along with HTML , the first successful human blood transfusion , the motorised vacuum cleaner , [] the lawn mower , the seat belt , the hovercraft , the electric motor , steam engines , and theories such as the Darwinian theory of evolution and atomic theory.

Newton developed the ideas of universal gravitation , Newtonian mechanics , and calculus , and Robert Hooke his eponymously named law of elasticity.

Other inventions include the iron plate railway, the thermosiphon , tarmac , the rubber band , the mousetrap , "cat's eye" road marker , joint development of the light bulb , steam locomotives , the modern seed drill and many modern techniques and technologies used in precision engineering.

The Department for Transport is the government body responsible for overseeing transport in England. England has a dense and modern transportation infrastructure.

There are many motorways in England , and many other trunk roads, such as the A1 Great North Road , which runs through eastern England from London to Newcastle [] much of this section is motorway and onward to the Scottish border.

The red double-decker buses in London have become a symbol of England. National Cycle Route offers cycling routes nationally. Rail transport in England is the oldest in the world: passenger railways originated in England in There are plans to reopen lines such as the Varsity Line between Oxford and Cambridge.

These lines are mostly standard gauge single , double or quadruple track though there are also a few narrow gauge lines. There is rail transport access to France and Belgium through an undersea rail link, the Channel Tunnel , which was completed in England has extensive domestic and international aviation links.

The largest airport is Heathrow , which is the world's busiest airport measured by number of international passengers.

By sea there is ferry transport, both local and international, including from Liverpool to Ireland and the Isle of Man, and Hull to the Netherlands and Belgium.

The River Thames is the major waterway in England, with imports and exports focused at the Port of Tilbury in the Thames Estuary , one of the United Kingdom's three major ports.

Energy use in the United Kingdom stood at 2, TWh Successive UK governments have outlined numerous commitments to reduce carbon dioxide emissions.

Notably, the UK is one of the best sites in Europe for wind energy , and wind power production is its fastest growing supply.

Government commitments to reduce emissions are occurring against a backdrop of economic crisis across Europe.

UK government energy policy aims to play a key role in limiting greenhouse gas emissions , whilst meeting energy demand.

Shifting availabilities of resources and development of technologies also change the country's energy mix through changes in costs. In , the United Kingdom was ranked 6th in the World on the Environmental Performance Index , [] which measures how well a country carries through environmental policy.

English Heritage is a governmental body with a broad remit of managing the historic sites, artefacts and environments of England.

It is currently sponsored by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport. The northernmost point of the Roman Empire, Hadrian's Wall , is the largest Roman artefact anywhere: it runs for a total of 73 miles in northern England.

London is one of the world's most visited cities, regularly taking the top five most visited cities in Europe. It is largely considered a global centre of the arts and culture.

Entry to most state-supported museums and galleries is free unlike in other countries. National Health England NHS England is the publicly funded healthcare system responsible for providing the majority of healthcare in the country.

It was based on the findings of the Beveridge Report , prepared by economist and social reformer William Beveridge. When purchasing drugs, the NHS has significant market power that, based on its own assessment of the fair value of the drugs, influences the global price, typically keeping prices lower.

The average life expectancy of people in England is The English people are a British people. In , when the Domesday Book was compiled, England had a population of two million.

England contains one indigenous national minority, the Cornish people , recognised by the UK government under the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities in By the 15th century, English was back in fashion among all classes, though much changed; the Middle English form showed many signs of French influence, both in vocabulary and spelling.

During the English Renaissance , many words were coined from Latin and Greek origins. Thanks in large part to the British Empire , the English language is the world's unofficial lingua franca.

English language learning and teaching is an important economic activity , and includes language schooling , tourism spending, and publishing. There is no legislation mandating an official language for England, [] but English is the only language used for official business.

Despite the country's relatively small size, there are many distinct regional accents , and individuals with particularly strong accents may not be easily understood everywhere in the country.

As well as English, England has two other indigenous languages , Cornish and Welsh. Cornish died out as a community language in the 18th century but is being revived, [] [] and is now protected under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages.

When the modern border between Wales and England was established by the Laws in Wales Acts and , many Welsh-speaking communities found themselves on the English side of the border.

Welsh was spoken in Archenfield in Herefordshire into the nineteenth century, [] and by natives of parts of western Shropshire until the middle of the twentieth century if not later.

State schools teach students a second language or third language from the ages of seven, usually French, German, Spanish, Latin, Greek. However, following the census data released by the Office for National Statistics , figures now show that Polish is the main language spoken in England after English.

In the census, The church regards itself as both Catholic and Protestant. It forms part of the Anglican Communion with the Archbishop of Canterbury acting as its symbolic worldwide head.

Since its reintroduction after the Catholic Emancipation , the Church has organised ecclesiastically on an England and Wales basis where there are 4.

A form of Protestantism known as Methodism is the third largest Christian practice and grew out of Anglicanism through John Wesley.

The patron saint of England is Saint George ; his symbolic cross is included in the flag of England, as well as in the Union Flag as part of a combination.

There are non-Christian religions practised. Jews have a history of a small minority on the island since Especially since the s, religions from the former British colonies have grown in numbers, due to immigration.

A small minority of the population practise ancient Pagan religions. Neopaganism in the United Kingdom is primarily represented by Wicca and Witchcraft religions , Druidry , and Heathenry.

According to the UK Census , there are roughly 53, people who identify as Pagan in England, [nb 5] and 3, in Wales , [nb 5] including 11, Wiccans in England and in Wales.

These figures are slightly lower than the combined figures for England and Wales as Wales has a higher level of irreligion than England.

The Department for Education is the government department responsible for issues affecting people in England up to the age of 19, including education.

Children who are between the ages of 3 and 5 attend nursery or an Early Years Foundation Stage reception unit within a primary school.

Children between the ages of 5 and 11 attend primary school, and secondary school is attended by those aged between 11 and Schools may choose to permit trousers for girls or religious dress.

Although most English secondary schools are comprehensive , there are selective intake grammar schools to which entrance is subject to passing the eleven-plus exam.

Around 7. After finishing compulsory education, students take GCSE examinations. Students may then opt to continue into further education for two years.

Further education colleges particularly sixth form colleges often form part of a secondary school site.

A-level examinations are sat by a large number of further education students, and often form the basis of an application to university.

Some English students study an apprenticeship to learn skilled trades and pursue T-levels to progress towards skilled employment, further study or a higher apprenticeship.

Higher education students normally attend university from age 18 onwards, where they study for an academic degree. The Department for Business, Innovation and Skills is the government department responsible for higher education in England.

Students are then able to work towards a postgraduate degree, which usually takes one year, or towards a doctorate, which takes three or more years.

Many ancient standing stone monuments were erected during the prehistoric period; amongst the best known are Stonehenge , Devil's Arrows , Rudston Monolith and Castlerigg.

Perhaps the best-known example is Hadrian's Wall stretching right across northern England. Early Medieval architecture's secular buildings were simple constructions mainly using timber with thatch for roofing.

Ecclesiastical architecture ranged from a synthesis of Hiberno — Saxon monasticism , [] [] to Early Christian basilica and architecture characterised by pilaster-strips, blank arcading, baluster shafts and triangular headed openings.

After the Norman conquest in various Castles in England were created so law lords could uphold their authority and in the north to protect from invasion.

Throughout the Plantagenet era, an English Gothic architecture flourished, with prime examples including the medieval cathedrals such as Canterbury Cathedral , Westminster Abbey and York Minster.

Medieval architecture was completed with the 16th-century Tudor style ; the four-centred arch, now known as the Tudor arch , was a defining feature as were wattle and daub houses domestically.

In the aftermath of the Renaissance a form of architecture echoing classical antiquity synthesised with Christianity appeared, the English Baroque style of architect Christopher Wren being particularly championed.

Georgian architecture followed in a more refined style, evoking a simple Palladian form; the Royal Crescent at Bath is one of the best examples of this.

With the emergence of romanticism during Victorian period, a Gothic Revival was launched. In addition to this, around the same time the Industrial Revolution paved the way for buildings such as The Crystal Palace.

Since the s various modernist forms have appeared whose reception is often controversial, though traditionalist resistance movements continue with support in influential places.

Landscape gardening as developed by Capability Brown set an international trend for the English garden. Gardening, visiting gardens, and a love for gardens are regarded as typically English pursuits.

The English garden presented an idealized view of nature. At large country houses, the English garden usually included lakes, sweeps of gently rolling lawns set against groves of trees, and recreations of classical temples, Gothic ruins , bridges, and other picturesque architecture, designed to recreate an idyllic pastoral landscape.

By the end of the 18th century the English garden was being imitated by the French landscape garden , and as far away as St.

Petersburg, Russia, in Pavlovsk , the gardens of the future Emperor Paul. It also had a major influence on the form of the public parks and gardens which appeared around the world in the 19th century.

Today, some large-scale English gardens and English landscape gardens are popular visitor cultural attractions managed by both English Heritage and the National Trust.

The Chelsea Flower Show is held every year and is said to be the largest gardening show in the world. English folklore developed over many centuries.

Some of the characters and stories are present across England, but most belong to specific regions. Common folkloric beings include pixies , giants , elves , bogeymen , trolls , goblins and dwarves.

While many legends and folk-customs are thought to be ancient, such as the tales featuring Offa of Angel and Wayland the Smith , [] others date from after the Norman invasion.

The legends featuring Robin Hood and his Merry Men of Sherwood , and their battles with the Sheriff of Nottingham , are among the best-known of these.

During the High Middle Ages tales originating from Brythonic traditions entered English folklore and developed into the Arthurian myth. Many of the tales and pseudo-histories make up part of the wider Matter of Britain , a collection of shared British folklore.

Some folk figures are based on semi or actual historical people whose story has been passed down centuries; Lady Godiva for instance was said to have ridden naked on horseback through Coventry , Hereward the Wake was a heroic English figure resisting the Norman invasion, Herne the Hunter is an equestrian ghost associated with Windsor Forest and Great Park and Mother Shipton is the archetypal witch.

The chivalrous bandit, such as Dick Turpin , is a recurring character, while Blackbeard is the archetypal pirate. There are various national and regional folk activities, participated in to this day, such as Morris dancing , Maypole dancing , Rapper sword in the North East, Long Sword dance in Yorkshire, Mummers Plays , bottle-kicking in Leicestershire, and cheese-rolling at Cooper's Hill.

Since the early modern period the food of England has historically been characterised by its simplicity of approach and a reliance on the high quality of natural produce.

The cuisine of England has, however, recently undergone a revival, which has been recognised by food critics with some good ratings in Restaurant ' s best restaurant in the world charts.

Traditional examples of English food include the Sunday roast , featuring a roasted joint usually beef, lamb , chicken or pork served with assorted vegetables, Yorkshire pudding and gravy.

Sausages are commonly eaten, either as bangers and mash or toad in the hole. Lancashire hotpot is a well-known stew originating in the northwest.

Many Anglo-Indian hybrid dishes, curries , have been created, such as chicken tikka masala and balti. Traditional English dessert dishes include apple pie or other fruit pies; spotted dick — all generally served with custard ; and, more recently, sticky toffee pudding.

Sweet pastries include scones either plain or containing dried fruit served with jam or cream, dried fruit loaves, Eccles cakes and mince pies as well as a wide range of sweet or spiced biscuits.

Common non-alcoholic drinks include tea, the popularity of which was increased by Catherine of Braganza , [] and coffee; frequently consumed alcoholic drinks include wine, ciders and English beers , such as bitter , mild , stout and brown ale.

The earliest known examples are the prehistoric rock and cave art pieces, most prominent in North Yorkshire , Northumberland and Cumbria , but also feature further south, for example at Creswell Crags.

There are numerous surviving artefacts, such as those at Lullingstone and Aldborough. The Tudor era saw prominent artists as part of their court, portrait painting which would remain an enduring part of English art, was boosted by German Hans Holbein , natives such as Nicholas Hilliard built on this.

In the 19th century, Constable and Turner were major landscape artists. Early authors such as Bede and Alcuin wrote in Latin. Marvell was the best-known poet of the Commonwealth , [] while John Milton authored Paradise Lost during the Restoration.

William Shakespeare. More radical elements were later countered by Edmund Burke who is regarded as the founder of conservatism. In response to the Industrial Revolution , agrarian writers sought a way between liberty and tradition; William Cobbett , G.

Chesterton and Hilaire Belloc were main exponents, while the founder of guild socialism , Arthur Penty , and cooperative movement advocate G. Cole are somewhat related.

Wells and Lewis Carroll. Lawrence , Virginia Woolf , C. Tolkien , and J. The traditional folk music of England is centuries old and has contributed to several genres prominently; mostly sea shanties , jigs , hornpipes and dance music.

It has its own distinct variations and regional peculiarities. German-born George Frideric Handel spent most of his composing life in London and became a national icon in Britain, creating some of the most well-known works of classical music, especially his English oratorios, The Messiah , Solomon , Water Music , and Music for the Royal Fireworks.

In the field of popular music , many English bands and solo artists have been cited as the most influential and best-selling musicians of all time.

Large outdoor music festivals in the summer and autumn are popular, such as Glastonbury , V Festival , and the Reading and Leeds Festivals. It is the largest open-air Asian festival in Europe.

After the Notting Hill Carnival , it is the second-largest street festival in the United Kingdom attracting over 80, visitors from across the country.

Hitchcock and Lean are among the most critically acclaimed filmmakers. Major film studios in England include Pinewood , Elstree and Shepperton.

Some of the most commercially successful films of all time have been produced in England, including two of the highest-grossing film franchises Harry Potter and James Bond.

There are many museums in England, but perhaps the most notable is London's British Museum. Its collection of more than seven million objects [] is one of the largest and most comprehensive in the world, [] sourced from every continent, illustrating and documenting the story of human culture from its beginning to the present.

England has a strong sporting heritage, and during the 19th century codified many sports that are now played around the world. Sports originating in England include association football , [] cricket , rugby union , rugby league , tennis , boxing , badminton, squash , [] rounders , [] hockey , snooker , billiards , darts , table tennis, bowls , netball , thoroughbred horseracing, greyhound racing and fox hunting.

It has helped the development of golf , sailing and Formula One. Football is the most popular of these sports. The England national football team , whose home venue is Wembley Stadium , played Scotland in the first ever international football match in In the modern day, the Premier League is the world's most-watched football league, [] most lucrative, [] and amongst the elite.

As is the case throughout the UK, football in England is notable for the rivalries between clubs and the passion of the supporters, which includes a tradition of football chants.

Cricket is generally thought to have been developed in the early medieval period among the farming and metalworking communities of the Weald.

One of the game's top rivalries is The Ashes series between England and Australia , contested since The climax of the Ashes was viewed by 7.

William Penny Brookes was prominent in organising the format for the modern Olympic Games. England competes in the Commonwealth Games , held every four years.

Sport England is the governing body responsible for distributing funds and providing strategic guidance for sporting activity in England.

Rugby union originated in Rugby School , Warwickshire in the early 19th century. England was one of the host nations of the competition in the Rugby World Cup and also hosted the Rugby World Cup.

Rugby league was born in Huddersfield in Since , the England national rugby league team has been a full test nation in lieu of the Great Britain national rugby league team , which won three World Cups but is now retired.

Rugby League is most popular among towns in the northern English counties of Lancashire , Yorkshire and Cumbria. Some of the most successful clubs include Wigan Warriors , Hull F.

Golf has been prominent in England; due in part to its cultural and geographical ties to Scotland, the home of Golf. The world's oldest golf tournament, and golf's first major is The Open Championship , played both in England and Scotland.

The biennial golf competition, the Ryder Cup , is named after English businessman Samuel Ryder who sponsored the event and donated the trophy. Tennis was created in Birmingham in the late 19th century, and the Wimbledon Championships is the oldest tennis tournament in the world, and widely considered the most prestigious.

Fred Perry was the last Englishman to win Wimbledon in He was the first player to win all four Grand Slam singles titles [] and helped lead the Great Britain team to four Davis Cup wins.

In boxing , under the Marquess of Queensberry Rules , England has produced many world champions across the weight divisions internationally recognised by the governing bodies.

Originating in 17th and 18th-century England, the thoroughbred is a horse breed best known for its use in horse racing. It is the most watched horse race in the UK, attracting casual observers, and three-time winner Red Rum is the most successful racehorse in the event's history.

England also has a rich heritage in Grand Prix motorcycle racing , the premier championship of motorcycle road racing , and produced several World Champions across all the various class of motorcycle: Mike Hailwood , John Surtees , Phil Read , Geoff Duke , and Barry Sheene.

Darts is a widely popular sport in England; a professional competitive sport, darts is a traditional pub game.

Phil Taylor is widely regarded as the best darts player of all time, having won professional tournaments, and a record 16 World Championships.

Another popular sport commonly associated with pub games is Snooker , and England has produced several world champions, including Steve Davis and Ronnie O'Sullivan.

The English are keen sailors and enjoy competitive sailing ; founding and winning some of the world's most famous and respected international competitive tournaments across the various race formats, including the match race , a regatta, and the America's Cup.

The St George's Cross has been the national flag of England since the 13th century. Originally the flag was used by the maritime Republic of Genoa.

The English monarch paid a tribute to the Doge of Genoa from onwards so that English ships could fly the flag as a means of protection when entering the Mediterranean.

A red cross was a symbol for many Crusaders in the 12th and 13th centuries. It became associated with Saint George , along with countries and cities, which claimed him as their patron saint and used his cross as a banner.

There are numerous other symbols and symbolic artefacts, both official and unofficial, including the Tudor rose , the nation's floral emblem , and the Three Lions featured on the Royal Arms of England.

The Tudor rose was adopted as a national emblem of England around the time of the Wars of the Roses as a symbol of peace. It is also known as the Rose of England.

The Royal Oak symbol and Oak Apple Day commemorate the escape of King Charles II from the grasp of the parliamentarians after his father's execution: he hid in an oak tree to avoid detection before safely reaching exile.

The Royal Arms of England, a national coat of arms featuring three lions, originated with its adoption by Richard the Lionheart in It is blazoned as gules, three lions passant guardant or and it provides one of the most prominent symbols of England; it is similar to the traditional arms of Normandy.

England does not have an official designated national anthem, as the United Kingdom as a whole has God Save the Queen. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about the country. For other uses, see England disambiguation. Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom.

Sovereign state Legal jurisdiction. See also: Toponymy of England. Main article: History of England. Main article: Prehistoric Britain.

Main article: England in the Middle Ages. Main article: Politics of England. Main article: English law. Main article: Subdivisions of England.

East Riding of Yorkshire. Greater London. Not shown: City of London. North Yorkshire. South Yorks. West Yorkshire. Greater Manc. East Sussex.

West Sussex. Isle of Wight. West Midlands. Ceremonial counties of England. Main article: Geography of England.

Main article: Climate of England. See also: List of places in England. Main article: Economy of England. Main articles: List of English inventions and discoveries and Royal Society.

Main article: Transport in England. Main article: Energy in the United Kingdom. Main article: Tourism in England. Main article: Healthcare in England.

Main article: Demography of England. Main article: English people. Majority native language. Official, but not majority language. Main article: Religion in England.

Further information: History of Christianity in England. Main article: Education in England. Main article: Culture of England. Further information: English Renaissance.

Main article: English folklore. Main article: English cuisine. Fish and chips is a very popular dish in England. Apple pie has been consumed in England since the Middle Ages.

In the s, Englishman Joseph Fry invented the world's first solid chocolate. Chicken tikka masala , , adapted from Indian chicken tikka and called "a true British national dish.

Main article: English art. See also: Arts Council England. Main article: English literature. This royal throne of kings, this sceptred isle, this earth of majesty, this seat of Mars, this other Eden, demi-paradise; this fortress, built by nature for herself.

This blessed plot, this earth, this realm, this England. Further information: Folk music of England. See also: Music of the United Kingdom.

Thomas Tallis' "Lamentations I". See also: Cinema of the United Kingdom. Further information: List of museums in England.

Main article: Sport in England. Main article: National symbols of England. England portal United Kingdom portal.

London's municipal population was also the largest in the EU. Other Pagan paths, such as Wicca or Druidism, have not been included in this number.

Other Pagan paths, such as Druidism, and general "Pagan" have not been included in this number.

Scottish students attending Scottish universities have their fees paid by the devolved Scottish Parliament. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 April Retrieved 9 August Office for National Statistics United Kingdom.

Retrieved 24 April Archived from the original on 20 December Retrieved 1 February Archived from the original on 9 February International Organization for Standardization.

Archived from the original on 16 May BBC News. Archived from the original on 27 April Accessed 31 May Culture Trip. Retrieved 20 May Online Etymology Dictionary.

Retrieved 21 July Retrieved 5 September Oxford English Dictionary. The Principles of Gaelic Grammar. Edinburgh: Oliver, Boyd and Tweeddale.

Current Archaeology. Current Publishing. Retrieved 20 December A Geo East Project. Archived from the original on 5 March University of Cambridge.

Retrieved 9 September Retrieved 21 December Inventions and Trade. Retrieved 23 December The Observer. Archived from the original on 22 October Retrieved 22 December Hachette UK.

Heritage Key. Archived from the original on 3 July Medicine through time. Retrieved 24 December Retrieved 3 December Archived from the original on 24 June Retrieved 21 September Archived from the original on 10 July Renaissance essays.

Retrieved 26 December Archived from the original on 18 January England Under the Tudors. Roanak:the abandoned colony.

Archived from the original on 9 June Archived from the original PDF on 25 March Retrieved 19 February Retrieved 8 August Adler; Randall L. Pouwels 27 November World Civilization.

Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 25 September Archived from the original on 21 June Retrieved 10 December Entry on Sciencemuseum website.

Archived from the original on 9 March Retrieved 17 March Archived from the original on 26 April Retrieved 4 October The Independent. Retrieved 2 December Publius: The Journal of Federalism.

BBC Wales. The Times. Retrieved 20 April Retrieved 16 August Retrieved 21 May MSN Money. Archived from the original on 17 April The People's Law Dictionary.

ALM Media Properties. Retrieved 5 October Retrieved 20 August Archived from the original PDF on 17 January Archived from the original PDF on 24 March Ministry Of Justice.

Archived from the original on 16 November Retrieved 11 December The Guardian. Retrieved 16 June Archived from the original PDF on 3 December Retrieved 15 August Retrieved 5 December Environment Agency.

Archived from the original on 22 November London Evening Standard. Retrieved 17 August Met Office. Archived from the original on 5 June Joseph J.

Retrieved 6 December Smmit Post. Retrieved 8 September Archived from the original on 27 October Woodlands Kent.

Archived from the original on 14 January Retrieved 1 August Archived from the original on 29 August Retrieved 7 July Archived from the original on 30 June Retrieved 6 January Retrieved 5 February Archived from the original on 12 August New York, —06".

Cinco Dias. September City of London Corporation. Archived from the original PDF on 7 October When was England not an island how was it joined to mainland Europe as was?

What is the largest island in England? Is England land bound or is it an island? Is Rhode Island a state of New England? Is England a conitent?

Is Rhode Island part of New England? Is England a island peninsula or a continent? On what island are England Wales? Which island lies between England and Scotland?

Was England once a different island to Scotland? What two other countries share island with england? England Scotland and Wales are on what island?

How far is Liverpool Rhode Island from England? Liverpool,new England and providence, Rhode Island about miles away. What is England? If England is a floating island all briges and tunnels will break true or false?

Did CS Lewis live on an island? Is Portsmouth an island in England? Is England a landlocked country? Lewis Islands South America.

Asked By Wiki User. Does Jerry Seinfeld have Parkinson's disease? If you are 13 years old when were you born?

What is a hink pink 50 percent giggle? How did chickenpox get its name? When did organ music become associated with baseball? How can you cut an onion without crying?

Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Is England an island? Ano ang kasingkahulugan ng marubdob? What is the rising action of faith love and dr lazaro?

Pagkakaiba ng pagsulat ng ulat at sulating pananaliksik? Ano ang Imahinasyong guhit na naghahati sa daigdig sa magkaibang araw? Cookie Policy.

Contact Us. IP Issues. Consumer Choice. Terms of Use.

England Island Em

Facebooktwitterredditpinterestlinkedinmail